The Role of women in Tanzania: their access to higher education and participation in the labour force

Desta, Asayehgn
IIEP Research Report, 33
31 p.

Online version

About the publication

A self-administered questionnaire given to 526 postsecondary students and 424 employed university graduates provides data on the participation of Tanzanian women in higher education and in the work force. Research shows that Tanzanian women students are more likely than men to come from more developed regions, reside in urban areas, have relatively well-educated and highly paid parents in professional or administrative occupations, and be enrolled in courses that reflect stereotypical ideas of women's role. Though women initially earn as much as men, they wait longer for initial employment, and pay differentials between the sexes increase over time in favor of men. The study emphasizes the social liabilities of denying women access to higher education. Remedies include encouraging women from lower socioeconomic backgrounds and less developed regions to attend school, urging women to specialize in science and mathematics, changing hiring practices, salary structures, and promotion policies, and providing child care services. Tables provide data on student enrollment, regional origin, and socioeconomic characteristics of students, employment, occupations and earnings (from ERIC database).