Integrating conflict and disaster risk reduction into education sector planning
Guidance Notes for Educational Planners
Over 40% of the world’s out-of-school children live in conflict-affected countries, and in this decade an estimated 175 million children every year are likely to be affected by natural disasters. As a result there is a growing sense of urgency among the international community to try to mitigate the risks of conflict and natural disasters and support countries to be more resilient in the face of adversity.
Sector planning processes therefore should take into account predictable, recurrent emergencies as well as sudden onset disasters or conflicts. Yet few countries have included conflict or disaster risk reduction (C/DRR) into their national education planning processes. Even when C/DRR strategies have been identified, it is often difficult to build consensus on who will implement them and how they will be funded. Therefore there is a clear need for practical guidance on how to include, adopt and implement C/DRR measures as part of sector planning and implementation.
Guidance Notes which respond to that need
Developed by IIEP and UNICEF’s West and Central Africa Regional Office (WCARO), on behalf of the Global Education Cluster, the Guidance Notes support ministry of education officials to integrate C/DRR into their planning processes.
They examine a number of core planning steps such as:
- conducting a diagnosis of the risks affecting the education sector;
- integrating C/DRR measures into regular education policy, planning and programming interventions;
- developing a relevant C/DRR strategy to respond to risks identified;
- monitoring and evaluating progress on implementation of risk reduction strategies; and
- mobilizing human and financial resources to implement C/DRR measures.
The Guidance Notes are currently being field-tested in Burkina Faso and Chad and will be revised in 2012.
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