Some issues in rural education: equity, efficiency and employment

Colclough, Christopher; Hallak, Jacques
English, French
IIEP Seminar Paper, 24
27 p.

Online version

About the publication

Recommendations for a new emphasis in rural education have arisen out of what is seen as a crisis in education itself and an awareness of the intractabilities of the unemployment problem for youth, urban and educated populations. Basic education is increasingly being considered as an effective alternative to traditional primary education both on grounds of equity and its potential socioeconomic benefits. In general, there is a wide diversity of nonformal education programs which have been implemented throughout the developing world over many decades. Examination of exemplary nonformal education programs in various developing nations (the dual primary-basic education in Upper Volta is a case in point) reveals that, in general, nonformal education programs can provide a means of reducing inequalities and that they can play important political, social, and economic roles in affecting the pattern of peoples' lives. Examples also make it clear that the establishment of dual systems can serve to institutionalize present inequalities. Hence, the design of alternative programs must coordinate the aims and objectives of the planners with those of the recipients (from ERIC database).