Education and rural development: issues for planning and research

Berstecher, Dieter G.
233 p., illus., maps

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This volume looks at the results and presents three case studies of a research on the relationships between education and rural development which led to the organization of an International Seminar in Nepal in 1984, attended by some 30 educational specialists. Participants examined the different approaches to rural development , the different dimensions of the term "integration" and the variety of roles that education can assume in rural development. Working groups looked especially at the role of rural primary schools, and the importance of literacy campaigns and nonformal skills training programmes geared to the specific needs of the rural environment. Different approaches to rural development - production-oriented, individual project-oriented, development associated with the alleviation of poverty - and their shortcomings, such as piecemeal improvements as opposed to long-term rural transformation, were examined. The Seminar pointed to the need for comprehensive analysis of the social and cultural features of the rural environment, as well as more systematic reinforcement of links between formal, nonformal and informal education. The conclusions of the Seminar underlined the need for qualitative research to complement existing quantitative research methods, with a view to better organizational coordination, sharing of resources and exchange of information.